Alexander really knew nothing about phages before Burkhard told him about his treatment successes. To him it felt weird that a senior physician was passionate about a type of therapy that had no application in Western medicine. So, he started to read about phages, their history and their potential. Slowly, but surely, he became convinced that the Western pharmaceutical industry had not acted fast enough once the first signs of the antibiotics crisis emerged – and that phages had real potential to be part of the solution. Many challenges were also immediately obvious: phages had no dedicated regulatory pathway, they lacked well documented clinical trials and many equated phage therapy with non-traditional medicines. Yet, Alexander was taken aback by the scale at which phages work in nature every day. Convinced that something so powerful in nature will have applications in Western medicine, Alexander sought out a partner who understood the actual science behind developing a pharmaceutical at this scale.